As of 2010, there are 500,000 trucking companies in the United States, with 80% being small companies with an average of 1-6 trucks. The average age of a commercial driver is 55 years old, with an estimated approximately 3.5 million professional truck drivers in the U.S. Statistics from the U.S. Department of Education show that 51 percent of those completing driving programs in 2012–2013 were white, down three percentage points from 2009–10. The Education Department reported that 28 percent were black and 12 percent were Hispanic. Eight percent are women. Currently, 73 percent of professional drivers are white and about 12 percent each are black or Hispanic. Less than 5 percent are women… The top trucking states are Tennessee, Washington, Texas and Indiana.
Sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, have become a significant health issue in the United States. It is estimated that 22 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea, with 80 percent of the cases of moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea undiagnosed. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), represents the greatest preponderance of the cases, when left untreated can lead to high blood pressure, chronic heart failure, a trial fibrillation, stroke, and other cardiovascular problems; it is associated with type 2 diabetes and depression; and is a factor in many traffic accidents and accidents with heavy machinery, owing to the persistent drowsiness suffered by many OSA patients before the disease is recognized and treated. The public and the health community are generally aware of the increasing obesity of Americans, a phenomenon related to the increase in sleep apnea. Few outside the sleep medicine community, however, are aware that too little good sleep appears to be as much a factor in obesity as too much food and too little exercise.
OSA can strike people of any age, including infants and children, but it is most frequently seen in men over 40, especially those who are overweight or obese.
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